景華工坊版畫: 福祿壽喜 Fortune, Prosperity, Longevity and Happiness
Fortune, Prosperity, Longevity and Happiness
This design of Fortune, Prosperity, Longevity and Happiness are inspired by the Chinese unique characters – Fortune (福) is a combination of Chinese characters “平” (“Ping” in Chinese) and “安” (“An” in Chinese), which mean peace; Prosperity (祿) is formed by “衣” (“Yi” in Chinese, means cloths) and “食” (“Shi” in Chinese, means food); “生” (“Sheng” in Chinese) and “命” (“Ming” in Chinese) which mean life, form the word Longevity (壽) when they come together. While there are plum blossoms that symbolise happiness in the word Happiness (喜) making it double happiness blessings.
Other than these, there are auspicious motives hidden in respective words – they are peach of immortality in Fortune (福), peony the symbol of wealth in Prosperity (祿), evergreen pine in Longevity (壽) and plum blossom in Happiness (喜).
About Woodblock Printing
Woodblock printing is a form of traditional folk art which involves techniques such as wood carving, printing, and painting. Woodblock printing is present in our everyday lives - illustrations in old books, trademark, packaging, New Year prints, portraits of deities, paper amulets and joss papers are among valuable art pieces in traditional folk art.
Putting up New Year prints is a custom practised in East Asia. It is called New Year print because it reflects the beliefs underlying Chinese New Year, that is to pursue good fortune and avoid disasters. As such, the content of the prints is mostly related to avoiding evil spirits and welcoming auspicious energy.